Greater Copenhagen's cleantech cluster has taken a lead position in innovation, prompted by state incentives and ambitious regulation. Copenhagen aims to become the first carbon-neutral capital by 2025, and Denmark aims to be fully independent of fossil fuels by 2050.

Percentage of industrial employees in Denmark with green jobs

This infographic shows that 10% of industrial employees in Denmark are in green jobs.

Statistics Denmark 2017

The cleantech industry in Copenhagen is supported by several incentives and funding opportunities, sustaining cleantech research and development.

The Danish goverment and Danish parliament has agreed that by 2030:

  • Renewable energy must fully cover Denmark's electricity consumption.
  • 55% of Denmark's total energy consumption must be produced by renewable energy.
  • Denmark will fulfil its obligations regarding the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Renewable energy

Greater Copenhagen and Denmark have taken a lead position in sustainable energy. Today, over 40% of Denmark's total power consumption is covered by wind turbines.

Cleantech in Copenhagen includes:

  • Leading companies and R&D opportunities in biomass, fuel cells, wind energy, wave energy, solar energy and geothermal energy, energy storage and low-energy buildings.
  • Full-scale smart grid test and demonstration facilities.

Wind powers' share of the total Danish power consumption

This infographic shows that wind accounts for 40% of the total power consumption in Denmark.

State of Green 2019

Smart City

In Copenhagen, companies have access to unique, high-quality data and electronic registries dating back decades. This is turning Greater Copenhagen into a preferred laboratory for smart city technologies to build, monitor and manage the data infrastructure of large cities, able to handle the challenges of climate change and urbanisation.

Close collaboration between business, academia and the public sector as well as across industry sectors is a strong tradition in Greater Copenhagen, providing a competitive advantage for developing and testing smart city solutions.

More than 250 companies, including Cisco and Hitachi, are involved in smart city activities in Greater Copenhagen, owing to the early-adopter citizens and the high level of digitisation in the public sector.

Smart Grid

Greater Copenhagen’s Smart Grid sector is among Europe's leading, attracting international research and innovation . In recent years, more than 30% of all EU Smart Grid R&D projects have taken place in Denmark.

Denmark has a long tradition for the early adoption of renewable energy sources and integration of green technologies into all steps of the Smart Grid value chain.

Copenhagen's Smart Grid projects are driven in partnerships between , industry associations, academia, research institutions and the public sector.


Danish companies have developed efficient methods of combustion, gasification and liquefaction of biomass for biofuels and biogas, and they have pioneered enzyme technologies to maximise the efficiency of biofuels.

Owing to the strong biotech, chemical and agricultural science industries in Greater Copenhagen, companies excel in the latest technologies supporting carbon mitigation.

Green transportation

Cleantech in Copenhagen  includes focus on green transportation.

Broad political consensus supporting green transportation has rapidly accelerated the innovation and commitment to electric vehicles, biofuels, hydrogen and fuel cells in the Danish transport sector.

This commitment has sparked public-sector collaboration with the energy industry, research institutions, car manufacturers and suppliers of electric vehicle charging facilities.

Test market for Toyota

Denmark was selected as one of the few European test markets for Toyota's new fuel cell car, the Toyota Mirai. This is owing to Denmark's strong infrastructure and political incentives.

Waste management

Greater Copenhagen has taken the lead on the development of a number of test facilities to demonstrate the potential of future waste management technologies, recovering and recycling the highest possible amount of energy and resources from waste.

Water management

Denmark is Europe's leading hub for water management expertise, service and solutions, and the country is a leading exporter of water management knowhow and technologies.

Denmark's lead position in the entire value chain of the water industry - from management of water resources and quality to distribution and waste water treatment - is the result of strict and ambitious national regulation.